Regulation of Fertilizer Trade for Improved Town Planning: An Analytical Research
Keywords:fertilizer, regulation, rejuvenation, smart city, infrastructure
The Fertilizer control order, 1985 (further referred to as the FCO) is the legislation which governs both the import and export of fertilizers in India. This legislation also provides for the composition of certain fertilizers and not all of them. Schedule I of the order provides for composition of the individual fertilizers, the moisture content and the chemical content in each fertilizer component but fails to address the issue of the bulk mixture of the fertilizers. The most commonly used fertilizer components are N, P and K which are nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium respectively. They fail to address the mixture of fertilizers like ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate which contain a mix of N, P, K and other chemical components as well. The researcher aims to bring the need to introduce an exact number or a percentage cap for every fertilizer component in bulk or individually as it is detrimental to the soil and underground water health otherwise which will be explained in this paper.
Smart city establishment and development does not individually include building new lands like the Bhindi bazaar project in Mumbai but also rejuvenation of the existing land. This rejuvenation of the old land faces challenges due to the existing polluted water and land of which one of the major causes is the overuse of fertilizers. It obstructs various developmental projects and policy implementations as it degrades the soil quality. This paper aims to discuss the need to introduce strict regulatory measures for the trade of fertilizers in India as it will decrease the pollution and improve the conditions for the people to live a healthy life which will aid the development of smart cities and town planning.