Agricultural or Non-Agricultural Use - A Saga of Land Acquisition Laws in India


  • Suyash Tripathi
  • Abhinav Goswami


Land Acquisition, social impact assessment, compensation, development


With the latest Land Acquisition law coming into force, the legal framework dealing with land acquisition in India have witnessed comprehensive reforms. A considerable increment in a grant of compensation, provision for Social Impact Assessment, restriction on acquisition of multi-cropping land, and mandatory requirement of prior consent, with the retrospective operation, along with rehabilitation and resettlement grant, the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Act, 2013, has attempted to undo the injustice occurred to people under pre-existing laws, trying to strike a balance between the rights of landowners and developmental activities of the government.

While developing as welfare legislation, with the imposition of restrictions in nearly every procedural step, this Act has led to a slowdown in the developmental projects and welfare schemes, especially those focusing on removing poverty and providing affordable housing.  With a huge population shifting from rural areas to urban, and urbanization increasing at a multifold rate, this law brought a sudden pause, which was later mitigated by the Central government through the Bill of 2015 and States bringing amendments to dilute the immediate halt on developmental activities. However, the speedy industrialization and urbanization, leading to an increase in change of land use have raised an alarm in the agricultural sector. With agricultural land up for acquisition under urbanization and developmental projects, and the population of India increasing at an alarming rate, the Agricultural sector is staring at a food crisis, for which appropriate steps is the need of the hour.

This Research paper tries to have an analytical study of Land Acquisition laws in India while examining the changing dimensions of agricultural land use in India. In the purview of this analysis, This Paper further underlines the impact of the change in land use.